Monthly Archives: August 2007
I paraphrase, but former UN weapons inspector Hans Blix (now a private citizen) suggests that the international community apply the same diplomatic strategy that worked with North Korean to Iran. That is, offer Iran a security guarantee and extend the promise of normalized relations in exchange for the verifiable dismantling of Iran’s uranium enrichment program. He also suggested that the international community work toward a uranium enrichment and plutonium production freeze in the Middle East.
“The powers negotiating … are willing to give North Korea a guarantee … both against attack from abroad and, implicit in that, a guarantee against regime change,” he said.
North Korea was also offered normalization of relations with Japan and the U.S.
“These two elements have not been tried to my knowledge in the case of Iran,” Blix said.
“They would commit themselves for some period of time not to build enrichment plants, so Iran would not be alone … the others would be there as well,” Blix said.
“It would also mean Israel, that has (plutonium-based) nuclear weapons, would not produce more plutonium, could not make more bombs on the basis of that plutonium,” he said.
The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is providing assistance to thousands of victims of a cholera outbreak in northern Iraq.
Yesterday the World Health Organization (WHO), which is leading the UN response to the outbreak, reported that Sulemaniyah governorate experienced close to 5,000 cases since 10 August, with 10 deaths reported and 51 confirmed cases in Kirkuk. Two hospitals in the stricken governorate also reported treating 2,000 diarrhoea cases.
In a report out today, the International Atomic Energy Agency confirms that, as expected, Iran’s progress on uranium enrichment and plutonium production is moving along sluggishly. Further, it seems that some in the Iranian ruling elite are doubting the political utility of pursuing the nuclear program full steam a head. From the AP:
…while Iran continued to expand its uranium enrichment program, it was doing so much more slowly than expected, and had produced only negligible amounts of nuclear fuel that was far below the level usable for nuclear warheads.
One of the U.N. officials also noted that construction of the plutonium-producing reactor at the city of Arak had slowed in recent months.
He said that “design difficulties, getting equipment, materials and components, and fuel technology, plus perhaps some political considerations,” could be causing the delay.
The allusion to “political considerations” appeared linked to reports that Iranian officials might be considering stopping construction of the Arak reactor in another sign of good will calculated to blunt the threat of new U.N. sanctions.
Citing unidentified Iranian sources, Jane’s Defense Weekly earlier this week said some members of Iran’s Supreme National Security Council were pushing for such a move.
Remember this little nugget the next time the war chorus heaps scorn on the diplomatic process and urges a swift military confrontation. There is still plenty of time for diplomacy to work. That is, as long as we want it to work.
The United Nations envoy to Liberia has called for an end to violence against women, stressing the importance of security.
Special Representative of the Secretary-General Alan Doss remarked yesterday, “It does not matter where you are in Liberia, your security is important. River Gee County may be a long way from Monrovia but you are not forgotten.”
The United Nations High Commission on Refugees just announced that Goodwill Ambassador Angelina Jolie traveled to Iraq and Syria yesterday to visit Iraqis displaced by violence.
The Iraq refugee crisis is perhaps one of the most underreported stories from Iraq. UNHCR–the main international body looking out for the interests of the displaced–has estimated that over 4 million Iraqi’s have been displaced by fighting, half of whom have fled to neighboring Syria and Jordan. Good on Angelina Jolie to take the personal risk to travel to Iraq to draw attention to their plight.
Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon he will be traveling to Sudan next week, to check on the peace progress in Darfur.
Mr. Ban told a press conference at UN Headquarters that he is visiting Sudan and some of its neighbours “to go and see for myself the very difficult conditions” under which the hybrid UN-African Union peacekeeping force will operate in Darfur from the start of next year.
The SG: In Ethiopia over the weekend, the SG is now in the United Arab Emirates. Today he met with Sheikh Mohammad bin Rashed Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE, where the two discussed developments in the region, including Syria, Iran, Lebanon, Egypt and Jordan, and in the Middle East Peace Process.