Yearly Archives: 2008
In this week’s UN Plaza, I interview Richard Dicker, Director of the International Justice Program at Human Rights Watch. Richard is an expert on the International Criminal Court and in the diavlog we discuss and debate the relative merits of the court. In the segment below, Richard explains the significance of the recent arrest of Jean-Pierre Bemba, a former Congolese Vice President and Militia Leader. Bemba was arrested outside his wife’s home in Brussels last week and is now awaiting extradition to the Hague. As Richard explains, this is a very important development for the court.
If any weapon deserve to be banned, it seems that so-called “cluster bombs” fit the bill. A description from The Washington Post:
The weapons consist of canisters packed with small bombs, or “bomblets,” that spread over a large area when a canister is dropped from a plane or fired from the ground. While the bomblets are designed to explode on impact, they frequently do not. Civilians, particularly children, are often maimed or killed when they pick up unexploded bombs, sometimes years later.
Despite the bombs’ deplorable after-effects, the United States opted not to sign onto an agreement to ban the weapons. I’m not sure which justification is less defensible: that cluster bombs are a valuable part of the U.S. military’s arsenal (they have not been used at all in over five years) or that banning them could somehow hinder the U.S.’s disaster relief efforts.
Likewise, the fact that the other major users and producers of the bombs — Russia, China, Israel, and Pakistan — also did not sign the treaty does not seem to warrant retaining cluster bombs for defensive reasons. That said, there may still be hope for curbing the use of these munitions. Remember: the United States also did not sign the 1997 ban on landmines — and that has not inspired it to join the lonely ranks of Burma in planting the deadly devices. Perhaps, though, it’d be better to just sign both treaties and come out against weapons that mutilate and kill children.
Yesterday, women’s rights activists and UN officials testified in Stockholm about the escalation of violence against women in Iraq since U.S. occupation:
The United Nations’ special representative to Baghdad, Staffan de Mistura, cited a recent UN human rights report on Iraq as saying that ‘in Basra 100 or more women had been killed or mutilated because they were wearing what was considered by some as inappropriate dress. The dress was not inappropriate at all.’
De Mistura also mentioned the high number of so-called ‘honour crimes’ in the Kurdistan region of northern Iraq.
‘Since the (2003 US) occupation we have seen a deterioration of women’s rights,’ said Lena Ag, the secretary general of the Swedish organisation Kvinna till Kvinna (Woman to Woman).
The testimony took place the day before the International Compact with Iraq (ICI) conference, which looks at the political and security status since its peace plan they launched five years ago.
Iraqi women’s rights activists also stressed the importance for more women, and civil society in general, to take part in development efforts in Iraq.
‘Women are a potential factor for democratic and development processes in Iraq,’ said Hanaa Edwar Busha, one of the founders of the Iraqi Women Network, stressing that women represent around 55 percent of the Iraqi population.
>>Myanmar – The ruling junta belittled foreign aid in the wake of the cyclone as “chocolate bars” and stated that the 2.4 million victims could “stand by themselves” in an editorial in the state-run newspaper. The junta simultaneously accused the international community of being stingy as the UN’s $201 million flash appeal hasn’t been filled by donor nations. Meanwhile, the NY Times reports that an “economy warped by years of misrule” is hindering aid delivery.
>>Nepal – Yesterday, a special assembly elected in April abolished Nepal’s 239-year-old Hindu monarchy. The king’s palace will be turned into a museum; he has 15 days to vacate.
>>Iran – Yesterday, Ali Larijani, a rival to president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and the former nuclear negotiator, was elected as the speaker Iran’s parliament. He is conservative and a supporter of Iran’s nuclear program, but is seen as being more pragmatic and open to diplomacy. However, his election is more likely due to butter issues, discontent with Ahmadinejad’s management of the economy.
- The Effects of Global Warming on America
- Clinton, Obama, McCain United on Darfur
- IHT: Even With Access, Distributing Aid in Myanmar is a Challenge
Today is International Peacekeeper’s Day. In a new video for the Department of Peacekeeping Operations, United Nations Messenger for Peace George Clooney explains what peace is not…
Iraq: The SG met with Iraqi Prime Minister al-Maliki in Baghdad today as well as Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani to review the ongoing security crisis. The SG congratulated Fouad Massoum on his election as Iraq’s new President and remarked that a new government “will strengthen the unity of the country, fight effectively against terrorism and ISIS, as well as uproot the seeds of sectarianism and division.”
SG: The SG met with Israeli President Peres in Jerusalem today to encourage dialogue between Israelis and Palestinians. Speaking to the press with President Peres, he again underlined the need to stop violence and begin dialogue that addresses the root causes of the conflict.
SG: The SG briefed the SC today from Ramallah where he reiterated his message from today’s earlier press conference in Tel Aviv with Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu to: “Stop fighting. Start talking. And take on the root causes of the conflict.” The SG will continue travelling this week to Jordan and Saudi Arabia.
SG: The SG arrived in Cairo today where he will meet with the Foreign Minister, President el-Sisi and US Secretary of State Kerry to promote the Egypt-initiated ceasefire in the Middle East. Spokesman Dujarric told reporters today that “the overriding messages that [the SG] brings is, first, that the violence must stop, and needs to stop now.”
Middle East: The SG welcomed the humanitarian pause negotiated by Special Coordinator Serry to allow civilians in Gaza to begin repairs on electrical and water infrastructure. WFP used the five-hour pause to deliver emergency food assistance to Gaza. The SG hopes the pause will lead to peace and a sustainable ceasefire.