By: John Boonstra on December 16, 2008 Giles Foden, the author of The Last King of Scotland, thinks that creating another state might be the answer to the troubles of the violent Congo-Rwanda border area. In the immediate term, pressure should be put on the Rwandan leadership itself to rein in Nkunda; in the short term, Monuc should be supplemented by a large EU force; in the longer term, as eastern Congo seems ungovernable from Kinshasa, I see no option but the creation of a buffer state on the western shores of Lakes Kivu and Tanganyika. This could be achieved by regional forces with Monuc-EU backup. The first two recommendations seem ironclad. The third, though, I worry is a little too reckless. It’s hard to say right now what the situation in the Kivus will look like in the long term (though I could certainly be pessimistic), and it seems that reconciling issues between Rwanda and Congo — not creating an artificial third state — is the paramount concern here.