Until last month, the OPCW was not exactly part of the foreign policy community’s everyday vernacular. Still, for the past 15 years it has played a vital role in eliminating chemical stockpiles of its member states. Its value to international peace and security became sharply apparent in recent weeks when it became the key institution charged with overseeing the destruction of Syria’s chemical weapons stockpiles. OPCW monitors have shown themselves to be highly competent and effective (not to mention brave).
Chemical weapons use is a crime against humanity. The OPCW swiftly swooped into a war to oversee the elimination of these weapons. The OPCW is a crimes-against-humanity-stopper. They are much deserving of the Nobel.
The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons joins 8 other United Nations- affiliates that have won the Nobel Peace Prize. (The UN Refugee Agency won twice). If you count individuals affiliated with the UN, the number rises to 12. This is nice external validation of the UN’s work in service of international peace.